The new system of duties is expected to be implemented from 1 April next year.
Belgium is reportedly planning to introduce new taxes on aged and noisy aircraft as part of its efforts to lower noise and air pollution, reported Reuters.
These taxes will also apply to private jets and short-haul flights.
Currently, Brussels Airport (BRU) aircraft need to pay a tax determined by the noise level produced at take-off and landing.
So far, small aeroplanes such as private jets have been exempted from the taxes.
Expected to be implemented from 1 April next year, the new system of duties will collect taxes based on levels of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, besides destination and noise.
The authorities will increase the duties for flights shorter than 500km.